Cultural heritage is a developing, diverse and complex field. The report outlines the developments that influence the heritage sector such as demographic, political, technological, social, cultural as well as environmental trends. Furthermore it analyses how these trends affect the work of heritage staff. From these explorations and analyses issues are derived that will need to be taken into account, or that need to be solved in order to prepare the heritage sector for future challenges. Related to those issues and based on the literature study and analyses of job vacancies a tentative overview of emerging professions is given. It provides suggestions on how to professionalize the sector in view of the new challenges and adds examples of relevant practices.