|Products in drinking water systems, can affect the quality of drinking water by release of toxic substances, enhance microbial growth and have effects on odour (smell) and taste. Such effects are often described as hygienic aspects. Article 10 of the Drinking Water Directive (DWD) requires Member States (MS) to prevent negative effects on the drinking water quality caused by materials and chemicals used in the entire drinking water supply chain. |
The exact number and turnover of enterprises which produce products to be used in contact with drinking water, and which consequently have to deal with national rules implementing article 10 of the DWD in the EU is not known. The objective of this study was to establish the economic effects of this article 10 on enterprises involved in producing products which come into contact with drinking water.
The study consisted of the following three research steps: